Esperanto in Maine

Esperanto Linguistics

[ext] = external to this site

Pronunciation (written explanation)

Pronunciation (audio) - [ext]


Overview of Grammar - [ext]

Complete Grammar (in English)

General Linguistic Comments - Supportive (Ken Caviness) - [ext]

This page is about Esperanto generally - you have to pick out the linguistic comments.
The page deals with the following questions:

  • Wouldn't any universal language break up into dialects?
  • Is Esperanto "too European"? Should we create a language with words from all around the world?
  • Isn't Esperanto hard for speakers of non-Indoeuropean languages?
  • Is the Esperanto accusative (-n added to words) too hard to learn?
  • * Esperanto uses diacritics on certain letters rather than digraphs or multiple sounds per letter

Responses to complaints - Supportive (Ken Caviness) - [ext]

Complaints about Esperanto and responses:

  • Esperanto has an ending "-n" to indicate the accusative (direct object):
  • Esperanto doesn't use a fixed word order

Support for Esperanto (J.R.R Tolkien) - ext

The author of The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings talks about Esperanto as a philologist.

Linguistic Objections and complaints about Esperanto - Justin Rye
- [ext]

STRONG criticism

The Main Advantages of IDO or: the [Supposed] Defects of Esperanto - [ext]

Comparing Esperanto to IDO (IDO is a reformed Esperanto)

Survey of Attempts to Create an International Auxiliary Language  - [ext]

Biased toward Esperanto, but a good starting point, with footnotes to suggest further reading.


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